London Lite Tuesday, 14 July 2009 tests to prove violent youths are scarred by abuse brain scans for kids in teen gangs Winebiblewillcost640,000 by bo wilson break-dancewin for london crew LONDONS Soul Mavericks are to represent Britain in the worlds biggest breakdancing contest after they beat more than 200 troupes at the Islington Academy last night. The international championships will take place in Brixton in October. postal staff will strike on Friday THOUSANDS of postal workers are to strike again on Friday over jobs and pay. The Communication Workers Union said that more than 12,000 of its members in London and other cities will walk out for 24 hours as the row escalates. TEENAGE gang members will have their brains scanned in an experiment to find out why they are so violent. Scientists from University College London and charity Kids Company will use a mobile laboratory to test hoodies on London streets in an attempt to prove their brains have been scarred by years of abuse and neglect. The research, on teenagers aged 13 to 17, could revolutionise the way violent youngsters are treated by authorities and help provide ways to integrate them back into society. Most of those helped by Kids Company are homeless and many have been forced i n t o d r u g - r u n n i n g , g a n g s o r prostitution. In one experiment, researchers will use electrodes to measure brain activity while showing the child a picture of an angry face. The brains of those who have been abused are expected to show increased activity in the pre-frontal cortex, the area associated with inhibi- tion, which becomes more active when people are trying to suppress violent instincts. Children who have not been abused should be able to look at the face without registering anger. Peter Fonagy, who is leading the research for UCL, said: A child who has been abused will have an incredibly powerful emotional arousal that they are desperately trying to inhibit. This is a neural signature for maltreatment. Kids Company founder Camila Batmanghelidjh developed the theory that childrens brains can be damaged by neglect or abuse after interviewing 400 youngsters at the charity. She said: We need to change the natural argument that these children are morally flawed. We are trying to show that their brains are different and they are impaired in their ability to calm themselves down. I believe many children living in our city are exposed to the same level of violence as war veterans. They are being traumatised and breaking down. But the point is that this is repairable and reversible. Scientists need to raise 250,000 before aiming to start the research in the autumn. nCRIMINALS as young as 10 may have to wear bright orange jackets to do community service. The hope is to humiliate youngsters and put them off crime. The scheme, part of the Justice Seen, Justice Done campaign, would target 10- to 17-year-olds. Already used with adult offenders, Justice Secretary Jack Straw is considering introducing the jackets, with Community Payback in bold lettering on the front, to the young. The idea was welcomed by Ann Widdecombe. The Conservative MP said: Of course youngsters wont like it. They should consider that before they steal and beat up people. But Nicholas Pamment, who headed a University of Portsmouth study on the scheme said: It will see fewer youths turn up for community service to avoid humiliation -- that may result in more being locked up. Experiment: scientists plan to use electrodes to measure the brain activity of youngsters THE worlds leading sommeliers are to gather in London to compile a wine bible that will cost 640,000 a copy to buy. Over three days, 48 of the top wine waiters from every major wine producing nation will come up with a list of the best 100 vineyards. Their decisions will be turned into an 850- page, guide measuring 1.5 square metres and weighing more than 30kg. Buyers will receive a crate of wine from each of the vineyards listed worth hundreds of thousands of pounds. Producers such as Rothschild, Margot and Petrus are among those tipped to be named number one at the event, to be held next March. Revolutionary: research could change the way hoodies are treated H index.html2.html3.html4.html5.html6.html7.html8.html9.html10.html11.html12.html13.html14.html15.html16.html17.html18.html19.html20.html21.html22.html23.html24.html25.html26.html27.html28.html29.html30.html31.html32.html33.html34.html35.html